Repairing External Lights On Older Recreational Vehicles History Of Soccer In The Us The Propane Stove Buying Guide

As you enjoy your Recreational Vehicle, the years and the miles start to show themselves in the outside lights. Running lights flicker, then fail completely; backup lights work sporadically; indicator and stop lights do not always give fair warning to other motorists.


If a bulb is blown, it will never work. But if it works on and off, and the filament inside is sound, suspect bad connections.

No need to rush over to a repair shop to get the connections repaired. This is a job you can do yourself, even with no electrical knowledge. Repair shops like to make it look like a very tough job when, in fact, it is one of the simplest tasks.

WARNING: if the shop starts talking about re-wiring your lights, jump in the cab and drive away as fast as you can. Either they do not know what they are talking about, and will wreck your vehicle, or they have marked you as an easy dupe and are about to take you for a lot of money. Here is why:

1. The wiring of the outside lights is very solidly done at the factory. The wires are stapled in place and will likely never need replacement. Almost all troubles with outboard RV lights are due to faulty ground connections, which are easy to remedy.

2. An outboard light has one wired connection, carrying the +12 volt battery supply. This is the only actual wire connecting to the bulb fixtures. (Two wires for brake-signal-backup bulbs.)

3. The connection to the negative side of the battery (the ground return) is through the vehicle chassis. In other words, the battery is grounded to the chassis, and the electrical circuits are normally grounded to the chassis, as well. This makes it simpler to supply power to the circuits; only one physical wire needs to be routed to each device. The negative connection for an outside light is a simple sheet metal screw fastened through the grounded aluminum siding of the vehicle.

4. Are any of the other running and signal lights working? If so, the fuses are probably OK.

Again: make sure the bulbs are still good, and that the metal spring contacts are tight against the bulb contacts. Running lights have only one filament in the bulb, while the signal-brake-backup bulbs have two, and therefore two wires and spring connections to the back of the bulb.

THE USUAL PROBLEM? The grounding screw! The ground return is through a screw fastened to the weakest part of the system — the thin aluminum exterior siding of the RV. Bumpy roads, rain, dirt, all help weaken the connections. The older the vehicle, the more these screws work their way loose. Once the ground screw starts to loosen even a little bit, the electricity starts to arc; corrosion gathers in the joints between the screw and the bulb connector, and between screw and chassis.

THE FIX? Clean up the connections. Here is how:

1. Remove the plastic light covers. The larger ones will have little tabs on either side: push in the tab on one side and gently lift the cover off. The small running lights will pry off with gentle pressure from behind any one of the sides.

2. Inspect the grounding screw and the metal connection to the light underneath it. You will likely see some corrosion, and the screw may even be rattling around loose.

3. Remove the screw and polish up the connection with some fine emery cloth (not sand paper) You want as smooth and shiny clean a surface as possible for good electrical connectivity. Look behind, at the screw hole in the aluminum siding. Clean that up, too!

4. Replace the screw with a new one of the same size. If the screw hole in the siding has been enlarged through miles of vibrations, or over-tightening, then use a screw one size larger in diameter. This will cut a slightly larger hole, making a clean, new connection.

NEVER USE A LONGER SCREW! You never know what you might puncture behind the aluminum sheeting!

Finally, tighten the grounding screw firmly in place, but not so hard that you strip the hole.

5. Older light covers have flat putty strips on the inside for waterproofing. (Most people prefer instead to run a thin bead of silicone caulking around the outside edge of the colored lens covers to keep dirt and moisture out.) Clean away all the old putty first, though.

6. It pays to check all of the running or signaling lights once you are at it. Re-tightening ALL the screws ensures that all your lights will function well for a long time to come.

While you are at it, clean all those colored plastic lenses: brush the dirt out and then give them a wash-up with a little dish washing liquid. Your outboard lights will shine like new.

Now you are ready for many more years of road-running with safe lights, and you will avoid fines for improper lighting.

Although soccer is not THE sport in the US, the history of soccer in US is one of the longest around, right next to that of the English or the Scottish.

After the English set out to form a set of rules for the game of soccer, these were soon taken to the new World, where Americans learned to love this rising sport, right next to another game that grew strong roots in the US back then: baseball. Actually, the American Football Association is the second oldest sports league in America, after the Major League Baseball one.

Obviously, the history of soccer in US didn’t start with a professional league though (in terms of what we call professional today). The American Football Association, started out in 1884, was a semi-professional competition involving New England and some Midwest areas and it was a rather chaotic environment to play soccer in, but nevertheless it was there and progressing with each year.

A parallel soccer organization, the American Amateur Football Association was founded around the same time and the two coexisted until 1913, when they merged into the US Football Association, the first fully professional soccer organization throughout the history of soccer in the US.

The US football association (or USFA) was one of the first to join FIFA and as such, the United States team participated in the early World Cups, although the game was beginning to become outshined by baseball or basketball.

With American football also on the rise, the organization adopted a new name to avoid any confusion and called itself the US Soccer Football Association. However, the US soccer history would soon witness a new change in its governing body’s name in 1974, when the USSFA dropped “Football” from its tag and instead adopted the title of United States Soccer Federation, which is still used today.

So many will wonder, if the history of soccer in US starts out so early, how come soccer is not the main sport in USA? Well the truth is that the rather modest performances from the men’s national side early on in the 20th century, combined with the high rise of baseball, basketball, football and hockey, meant that the nation soon lost interest in soccer and since American kids had so many alternatives, soccer slowly went out of fashion.

However, with the increasingly good performances from the US men’s soccer team and the huge success of the women’s soccer team (who managed to bring in the first trophies in the history of soccer in US and is still one of the world powers in the game today), soccer is climbing back to its rightful place and with more and more American kids favoring it in school as a start-up sport, things look bright for the future of US soccer.

If you are looking to buy a propane stove, you should get acquainted with the technology before you buy. This equipment is a must for every trip and camping. If you don’t have a good propane stove you can’t do much of anything else.

1. Propane Stoves

Propane is cheap and will last many camping trips. It is because propane stoves propose good features and dependability on the field. Propane stoves are very portable. And ease of use is an attribute mostly preferred by consumers.

2. The Purchase

If you are going to buy propane stoves and see for yourself, you can check out these tips so that you will be getting only the best buy. Here is a comprehensive guide in buying propane stoves.

Select the propane stove that is easiest to clean. When you are out in the woods camping, water may not easy to come by. The best propane stove is the one that does not need water to clean it. And cleaning should be done in one easy feat. Cleaning and maintenance should be breezy enough for users even look forward to the experience.

Get the one that is built for heavy-duty use. This one echoes durability from all sides. As the point implies, your stove should be able to withstand the outdoor weather and the ragged use. Propane gas stoves should be made of strong materials. And each of its components should be as sturdy as the base.

Select the one that is most reasonably priced. The best stove would deliver quality and price down to a level reachable by consumers. It is not always true that good products are the pricey ones. There are still some manufacturers out there that could make good products but cuts on price.

Consider your needs. Propane stoves can come in double or a single burner types. If you do a lot of cooking while onsite, you are going to need the double burner kind. A single burner should be enough for you if you do more heating than real cooking. Whichever the case maybe, get the one that matches your needs while you are out having fun.

Get the one with variable power. A propane stove that can be adjusted to meet your cooking requirements would be ideal while on the road. The heavy-duty cooking needs more butane power to cook. While light cooking just needs ample heat. If the propane stove is versatile enough, it should be able to accommodate whatever you might be cooking.

Select the propane gas that has the longest warranty period. A long warranty period means the product is made to last a long time. It is noted that the warranty period of a device determines the durability of the product. If the product is guaranteed for a year, then it is bound to last for about five years, perhaps.

Get the brand most trusted. You know what they say. If it comes from the best, it must be the best. Companies who have been around for ages manufacturing propane stoves would sure be the best choice. A good company would have its own name to protect. Hence, it would deliver only the best line of products.

Select the one with a customer service hotline. For any device, electric or otherwise, it would be superb if they have some sort of a hotline number to assist customers with what you call the out-of-the-box experience. This is especially helpful for people who havent really tried using a propane gas stove before. Sometimes, instruction leaflets and manuals are hard to understand. It would really be better if there were a real person to talk to in some cases.

Get the one with the most positive ratings. If there are resources available, like online ratings, customer feedbacks, and survey forms available to you, you can well use these things to help you decide. It is a no-brainer that if the product has a lot of rave reviews, then it is worth evaluating further.

The trips you will remember the fondest will be the trips that you have the proper ammenities for. These are listed with the hope to lead you to the finest quality product out in the market. Propane gas stoves are sure to be the best equipment brought along by any outdoor enthusiast. If you get more work done when you are camping that means more time to spend with your family.

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