Types Of High Risk Mortgage A Good Understanding Of Mortgage Backed Securities Guide To Refinancing Your Mortgage Buying A Home After Bankruptcy How Long Should You Wait To Buy
As the cost of houses continues to increase, fewer people are able to afford them. Many creditors have responded to this situation by creating a new class of mortgages that are quite risky. A large number of people have begun getting these mortgages, and the payments are generally low when you first get the loan.In this article I will discuss these mortgages in detail, and what you should know about them.
Option Payment Mortgage
The most risky mortgage option available today is the Option Payment Mortgage. With this mortgage you decide how much you want to pay each month. You can pay either the principle, interest, or minimum amount allowed by the creditor. The danger with this type of mortgage is that you could end up paying more money than your home is worth. Those who fee that they are responsible with their personal finance should only use this mortgage.
The second type of risky mortgage is the Interest Only Mortgage. As the name implies, this is a mortgage with which the borrower pays interest on the loan for a set number of years. This could be ten years, and at the end of the ten years the borrower would begin making payments on the principle. The risk with this mortgage is that the payments for the principle will be much larger than the interest, and the borrower may not be able to afford it. The mortgage companies and banks win because the borrower has already spent years paying on just the interest without touching the principle.
The Interest Only Mortgage should only be used in either a situation where you are 100% certain you will make enough money to make the principle payments, or you don’t plan on living in the house after the interest has been paid. A Low Doc mortgage is one in which you are loaned money despite your qualifications. The danger with this mortgage is that the borrower may take out loans, which they can’t afford. You should only get a Low Doc Mortgage if you are making a large enough income to pay it.
Piggy Back Mortgage
The Piggy Back Mortgage is a type of loan in which two mortgages are taken out which equal over 15% of the value of the home. This percentage is paid towards the home in order to avoid paying for mortgage insurance This can be risky, because if the value of your home falls you will have to sell it for a price less than what you borrowed. You also don’t have any equity that can be used to protect you. This mortgage should only be used when you have a large down payment but want to avoid paying for mortgage insurance.
Long Term Fixed Mortgage
The last type of risky mortgage is called the Forty Year Fixed Mortgage. With this loan you get a fixed interest rate, but will pay off the loan over a period of 40 years instead of 30. Your payments will be lower, but it will take a long time to build up equity in your home. The main risk with this mortgage is that you may end up paying a lot more for your home over the long term. Now that banks are allowing just about anyone to get a home, it is important to make sure you protect yourself.
Only Buy What You Can Afford
You should never get a mortgage on a home that is outside of your price range. You should look and your income and decide what you can afford. If you get an Adjustable Rate Mortgage you should calculate how much your payments will be monthly in the interest rate suddenly increases. It is generally best to go with a mortgage that has a fixed rate.
Mortgage backed securities are one of the important reasons for the fast pace growth of real estate industry. Hence it is very important to have a good understanding of mortgage-backed securities
Mortgage backed securities are very important bonds. Investors buy the interests of the mortgage security and the monthly payment of the mortgage acts as a revenue earned from it. The value of the mortgage varies due to the fact that it can be paid off before the term and hence it is not like a bond. The mortgage may be repaid any time through outright cash payment or with refinance. Actually, the mortgage-backed security is issued by a retail lender who extends the mortgage loan. The reasons for issuing mortgage-backed securities are many.
The main reason is for creating liquidity that can be used by them for many purposes. It is not possible for a lender to wait for thirty years to recover his money and make profit out of it. To solve this problem, the lender sells the securities in the secondary market by keeping the property of the borrower as collateral for security. The creditors also use these securities to clean their balance sheet. Although they might seem to be a little speculative and fishy, the fact is that they drive the market. Understanding mortgage backed securities helps to clear all kinds of doubts about it.
A good understanding of various mortgage points:
Mortgage points are those, which are asked by the mortgage broker to be paid by the borrower. It is actually a lending fee expressed in terms of percentage on the quantum of the loan amount. Sometimes a creditor may ask the borrower to pay origination points on the mortgage. This fee enables the lender to get many of their costs earlier in the deal instead of waiting to recover them as part of interest payments. Understanding origination points is very important as the margin of interest may be low but the lenders get their inflow of cash by making the borrower to pay front end fees of the loan. Discounts points too can be offered by the lender for making one or two points of payments when the borrower makes on the mortgage loan amount. The borrower enjoys a slashed down interest rate from the lenders for doing so.
People who are purchasing homes for the first time are shocked by jargons like PMI and piggy bank loans. Hence, a good understanding of mortgage is the best method to start with. When applying for mortgage loans, the lenders first look at the borrowers credit score to find out how the commitments can be met by him. They check for the amount of money the borrower posses, how prompt he had been in paying the dues, how often he had played the balance transfer game, etc. The credit score makes a great impact on the down payment made by the borrower in turn it affects the interest rates on the mortgage offered to him. Understanding various mortgage programs will help in the selection of the most suitable one for the borrower.
Refinancing your mortgage can mean great savings for you and your family. Replacing your existing mortgage with a lower interest loan, changing the term of your loan, or even consolidating all your debts into this new loan could save you money, both monthly and over the life of the loan.
The rule of thumb is when interest rates are 1.5 to 2% lower than you are currently paying on your mortgage, it’s time to consider refinancing.
Would Refinancing Be Worth It?
Refinancing can be worthwhile, but it does not make financial sense for everyone. There are a number of items to consider, such as how long you plan to stay in the house. Most sources say that it takes at least 3 years to fully realize the savings from a lower interest rate, given the costs of the refinancing.
Refinancing can be a good idea for homeowners who:
* Have an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) and want a fixed-rate loan to have the certainty of knowing exactly what the mortgage payment will be for the life of the loan.
* Want to build up equity more quickly by converting to a loan with a shorter term.
* Want to draw on the equity built up in their house to get cash for a major purchase or for their children’s education.
What Are the Costs of Refinancing?
Costs can vary significantly from area to area and from lender to lender, so the following are estimates only. Your actual closing costs may be higher or lower than the ranges indicated below.
Application Fee $75 – $300. This charge imposed by your lender covers the initial costs of processing your loan request and checking your credit report.
Appraisal Fee $150 – $400. This fee pays for an appraisal, which is a defensible estimate of the value of the property.
Survey Costs $125 – $300.
Homeowner’s Hazard Insurance $300 – $600.
Lender’s Attorney’s Review Fees $75 – $200. The lender will usually charge you for fees paid to the lawyer or company that conducts the closing for the lender.
Title Search and Title Insurance $450 – $600. This charge will cover the cost of examining the public record to confirm ownership of the real estate, and the cost of an insurance policy.
Home Inspection Fees $175 – $350.
Loan Origination Fees 1% of loan. The origination fee is charged for the lender’s work in evaluating and preparing your mortgage loan.
Mortgage Insurance 0.5% – 1.0%. Depending on the type of loan you have and other factors, another major expense you might face is the fee for private mortgage insurance.
Points 1% – 3%. Points are prepaid finance charges imposed by the lender at closing to increase the lender’s yield beyond the stated interest rate on the mortgage note. One point equals 1% of the loan amount.
Prepayment Penalty. A prepayment penalty on your present mortgage could be the greatest deterrent to refinancing. The mortgage documents for your existing loan will state if there is such a penalty. In some loans, you may be charged interest for the full month in which you prepay your loan. In the future, always make sure there is NO prepayment penalty.
A homeowner should plan on paying an average of 3 – 6 % of the outstanding principal in refinancing costs, plus any prepayment penalties and the costs of paying off any second mortgages that may exist.
Whether or not that is a wise decision is purely a numbers matter.
Individuals interested in purchasing their own home strive to maintain a positive credit rating. This is achieved by paying bills on time, having a low debt to income ratio, and so forth. Nevertheless, several lenders are eager to offer home mortgages to individuals with bad credit. These mortgages have a higher interest rate, which increases the monthly payment. Although a mortgage may be attained with bad credit, the course of action is slightly different for individuals who have filed bankruptcy.
Two Types of Bankruptcies
There are two types of bankruptcies. A chapter 7 bankruptcy involves complete liquidation in which debts do not have to be re-paid. On the other hand, a chapter 13 bankruptcy entails repaying a portion of the debt over a fixed period. For the most part, a bankruptcy should be the last alternative, and not a quick fix to credit problems. Many explanations cause a person to file bankruptcy. These include excess credit card and consumer debt, high medical bills, etc. Lenders determine credit worthiness based on information provided in credit reports. A bankruptcy is a negative remark that remains on credit reports for ten years. Throughout this 10-year period, individuals who filed bankruptcy can expect to pay higher interest rates on automobile loans, mortgages, and credit cards.
How Long Should You Wait Before Buying a Home
Obtaining a home after filing for bankruptcy is feasible; nonetheless, individuals who have filed must adhere to specific stipulations. To obtain a mortgage after filing a chapter 7 or chapter 13, you must wait at least two years after the bankruptcy is discharged. Moreover, individuals who have had a bankruptcy case dismissed must also wait two years before applying for a mortgage. During this 24-month period, it is recommended that person’s re-establish their credit history. If possible, acquire a line of credit from at least three to four creditors. Immediately following a bankruptcy, a secured credit card, or a high interest credit card is your best option. However, once a good payment history is established with these creditors, you may be able to obtain credit card offers with reasonable rates..
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