Adjustable Rate Mortgages Determining Rates Being Prepared When Structuring A Private Residential Mortgage Note For Re Sale Who Wants Low Mortgage Rates Adjustable Rate Mortgage
Adjustable rate mortgages are to home buyers as carrots are to bunnies – very tempting. The secret to figuring out if an adjustable rate mortgage is a good deal is the rate index used.
Indexes – Setting Rates
Lenders really want your business and are willing to create enticing loan products to get it.Occasionally, lenders will offer adjustable rate mortgages that offer a lot of carrot on the front end, but none on the back end. These loans are typically offered to you with an insanely low initial interest rate, which has you looking at mansions and other structures completely out of your realistic price range. The problem with these loans is the rate rises dramatically after six months or a year when the rate becomes pegged to an index.
Indexes are a unique animal when it comes to the mortgage industry. An index is a calculation of general interest rates charged across a number of financial markets that a bank uses to set a real interest rate on your loan. Common financial markets or products considered in this index include six month certificate deposit rates at local banks, LIBOR, T-Bills and so on. Let’s take a closer look.
1. Certificate Deposits – Better known as “CDs”, these are the fixed time period investing vehicles you can get at your local bank. You agree to deposit a certain amount for six months and the bank gives you a guaranteed interest rate of return such as three percent.
2. T-Bills – Officially known as Treasury Bills, T-Bills are the credit cards for the federal government. Currently, Uncle Sam owes trillions of dollars on his and pays a certain interest rate on the debit. The interest rate is used by lenders in calculating your ARM rates.
3. Cost of Funds Index – It gets a bit technical, but this index represents the rates being used by banks in Nevada, Arizona and California as an average.
4. LIBOR – Officially known as the London Interbank Offered Rate Index, LIBOR is a popular index upon which to base ARM rates. Now, you are probably wondering what London has to do with the United States real estate market. LIBOR represents the interest rate international banks charge to borrow U.S. dollars on the London currency markets. LIBOR rates move quickly and can result in unstable interest rate moves for your adjustable mortgage.
Why Indexes Matter
Indexes matter because they set the base of the interest rates charged on your loan. Assume you apply for an adjustable rate mortgage based on a LIBOR index. Assume the LIBOR rate is 2.2 percent when you apply. The 2.2 percent is your starting interest rate. If the LIBOR shoots up one percent in eight months, your loan will do the same.
Importantly, the index rate used for your loan is not the interest rate you will pay. Instead, you have to add the banks margin on top of the index rate. Most banks will charge two to three percent on top of the index rate. Using our LIBOR example, the initial interest rate of your loan would be 2.2 percent plus whatever the bank is using as a spread. Obviously, this means you need to closely read the loan documents to figure out how the game is being played!
I have come across many note sellers that ignore the advice of being prepared. Properly structuring a note for resale can be the difference between selling the note fast and with little friction as opposed to selling yourself short or worse, not selling the note at all. In order to properly structure a mortgage note for resale is as follows:
1) Get the biggest down payment possible. 25% is the Note Buyer’s ideal amount in a perfect world although, you can definitely get away with 15% – 20% if need be. Anything under 15% equity becomes very risky for a Note Investor. In the case of a down payment under 14% equity, you will have a very tough time getting a high bid on that note. Anything under 10% down, will unlikely sell at all.
2) Make sure you (the seller), pull credit on the potential borrower. 600 FICO score – 700 FICO score would be ideal. Remember; the worse the credit score is, the bigger the down payment you should require! Make sure you keep a copy of the credit report so you may present to the mortgage note investor underwriting the transaction. As far as credit scores, 650 or higher is considered great to excellent credit. 610-649 is good, 609-590 is fair 589-500 is poor and below 500 – don’t even bother. Also try to gather D.T.I. or Debt to Income information from the borrower as well. How much money she/he has coming in per month verses what dollar amount is going out per month. A standard credit report will show you what the borrowers monthly bills are. All you need to do after that is get an accurate dollar amount of what the borrower truly makes after taxes. This way there will be no surprises for you or the Note Investor and this will insure you the highest bids out there! 45% is the max D.T.I. ratio you should allow. This means, if the borrower’s income is $5,000.00 per month, 45% DTI ratio would be $2,250.00 (5,000 x 0.45 = 2,250.00) in debt per month. The borrower only owes 45% of what they make to monthly debt.
3) It helps tremendously if the seller orders and completes an appraisal before submitting the note to a Note Buyer. The reason being, presenting an exact legal appraisal to a Note Investor allows for a more accurate bid, thus a hassle free transaction. This way when the note is underwritten, there will be no surprises on the collateral property whatsoever. This step is not necessary although, by doing this your are drastically increasing your chances of a very smooth note sale.
4) Include a high interest rate with the shortest term possible. Meaning, be sure that your borrower can afford the payments at the shortest term she/he can legitimately agree to.
5) Try to keep the loan under a 10-15 year payback date. Anything over 12 years usually takes a much steeper discount then say a 10 balloon. The Note Investor generally likes to be out of an investment in 5-10 years. Ideally, if your borrower situation permits, 5-10 is the first choice.
6) Include a prepayment penalty based on your states regulations and laws.
Please keep in mind; the above information is just a guide. If you have any legal questions about mortgage origination laws in your state, please consult a licensed mortgage broker/banker (in your state) or an attorney. Always be prepared!
Knowing this info before hand is the difference between a smooth transaction and a complete nightmare! Good Luck!
Who doesn’t want low mortgage rates? A low mortgage rate means spending on monthly payments during the course of a mortgage. A low mortgage rate can save homebuyers like you several thousands of dollars. A low mortgage rate means having more funds to spend on investments that might prove profitable.
Despite the reported increase of previously low mortgage rates, rates today are still low enough to consider a mortgage refinance for your home. The Internet provides you with the perfect portal to start applying for those low mortgage rates. Below is a list of websites where you can apply for low mortgage rates.
Low Mortgage Rates at Interest .com
Interest.com offers you an opportunity to compare rates of several lending companies in your state so you can have a better chance at getting a low mortgage rate. For instance, you want to apply for a low mortgage rate on a 30-year fixed rate refinance mortgage in Georgia. The amount you wish to borrow is $100,000 with no discount points and a standard loan type. After clicking on the search button, the page will display the low mortgage rates of several lending companies in Georgia, including Sterling Home Mortgage Corporation whose low mortgage rate is 5.375%. There are several other lending companies that offer low mortgage rates and all you have to do is choose the one offering the lowest rate.
The Low Mortgage Rates of MortgageRatesUSA .com
Mortgage Rates USA is yet another company that offers choices and options for costumers who are on the look out for low mortgage rates. Their online low mortgage rate quote request is free and secure. The information you provide so the website could generate your low mortgage rate quote request is only shared with the lender and not with any third party.
The Low Mortgage Rates of ELoan .com
E-Loan is one of the top lending companies offering low mortgage rates. The reason for their low mortgage rates is that they do not charge you with any lender fees or any other hidden costs which is the main culprit to an increased mortgage rate. For example, a 5-year adjustable rate mortgage with E-Loan has a low mortgage rate of 4.625% and an APR of 5.078%.
How to take advantage of low mortgage rates
Refinancing is something that all homebuyer should consider when the market offers low mortgage rates. When you refinance, you take advantage of low mortgage rates by paying off your first mortgage with a new mortgage with low mortgage rates. This move can help you lower down your monthly payments and save on your overall interest bill.
For example, you have a year into a $150,000 loan for 30 years. The interest rate is 8.5 per cent and fixed for the duration of the loan period. You can refinance your first loan with a new 30-year loan with a low mortgage rate of 7 per cent. By doing this, you can cut down on your monthly payment by $155 to $998. The low mortgage rate of the new loan can also help you reduce your overall interest bill by $42,200 to $223,000.
The adjustable rate mortgage is a type of loan which will be secured on a home which has an interest rate and monthly payment that will vary. The adjustable rate will transfer a portion of the interest rate from the creditor to the homeowner. The adjustable rate mortgage will often be used in situations where fixed rate loans are hard to acquire. While the borrower will be at an advantage if the interest rate falls, they will be at a disadvantage if it rises. In places like the United Kingdom, this is a very common type of mortgage, while it is not popular in other countries.
The adjustable rate mortgage is excellent for homeowners who only plan to live in their homes for about three years. The interest rate will typically be low for the first three to seven years, but will begin to fluctuate after this time. Like other mortgage options, this loan allows the homeowner to pay on the principle early, and they don’t have to worry about penalties. When payments are made on the principle, it will help lower the total amount of the loan, and will reduce the time that is necessary to pay it off. Many homeowners choose to pay off the entire loan once the interest rate drops to a very low level, and this is called refinancing.
One of the disadvantages to adjustable rate mortgages is that they are often sold to people who are not experienced in dealing with them. These individuals will not pay back the loans within three to seven years, and will be subjected to fluctuating interest rates, which often rise substantially. In the US, some of these cases are tried as predatory loans. There are a number of things consumers can do to protect themselves from rising interest rates. A maximum interest rate cap can be set which will only allow interest rates to rise at a specific amount each year, or the interest rate can be locked in for a specific period of time. This will give the homeowner time to increase their income so that they can make larger payments on the principle.
The primary advantage of this loan is that it lowers the cost of borrowing money for the first few years. Homeowners will save money on monthly payments, and it is excellent for those who plan on moving into a new home within the first seven years. However, there are risks to this type of mortgage that must be understood. If the owner has problems making payments, or runs into a financial emergency, the rates will eventually rise, and the owner who cannot make payments may lose their home.
One term that you will hear lenders talking about is caps. The cap can be defined as a clause that will set the highest change possible for the interest rate of the loan. Homeowners can set up a cap on their mortgage, but they will need to make a request from the lender, as the cap may not be present on the rate sheets that are presented..
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